Agreement Closing the Gap

The Close the Gap campaign is the “public face” of the National Campaign for Indigenous Health Equality [341]. This public awareness campaign was officially launched in Sydney in April 2007 and is organised by NACCHO, ANTaR and Oxfam Australia. It brought together the voices of more than 40 organisations calling on state, territory and federal governments to commit to closing the health and life expectancy gap between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and other Australians within a generation. National Partnership Agreements (NPAs) are agreements between the Commonwealth of Australia and the states and territories. They ensure that all levels of government commit to the same framework for results, measures of progress and strategic directions. NPAs build on existing initiatives, fill gaps and can provide additional funding. Six agreements were originally included in the Closing the Gap policy: in November 2008, COAG approved the National Aboriginal Reform Agreement (NIRA) [17301]. This agreement provides a comprehensive overview of the actions taken to achieve the gap reduction targets, including objectives, outcomes, outputs, performance indicators and benchmarks relevant to the various national partnership agreements. The Australian government adopted the objectives of the Close the Gap campaign in 2008[4], as part of a strategy known as “Closing the Gap”. [5] Rudd and Health Minister Nicola Roxon signed the “Filling the Gap” Memorandum of Understanding to fill this gap. This document has two objectives: first, as a formal agreement between the australian government of the day and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people; and secondly, as the embodiment of a human right, as a model for achieving equality in health.

[6] The strategy was funded by the government to develop a long-term action plan for health services to achieve equality in aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and life expectancy. [7] On December 20, 2007, the Council of Australian Governments (COAG), which includes federal, state, territorial and local government leaders, committed to bridging the “gap” in life expectancy between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and non-Indigenous Australians. It is important to note that COAG has agreed to be responsible for achieving this objective within a certain period of time. The strategy initiated by DER COAG at present has become known as Closing the Gap. No funds have yet been allocated to support the agreement. Overall, the announcement was well received. Shadow Minister of Indigenous Affairs Linda Burney welcomed the goals and participation of Indigenous representatives, but hoped to work towards increased federal funding and a goal related to family violence. [9] Megan Davis, deputy vice chancellor at the Indigenous UNSW, criticized some aspects of the agreement, particularly the idea that the participation of the Coalition of Peaks provides a “voice” and therefore constitutes self-determination. It points out that those entities are contracted service providers who depend on State resources to operate their organisations. She says: “Unlike the Uluru Dialogues, which invited communities to imagine and shape their future with the Constitutional Change Platform, the Coalition of Peaks process, in which the gap is closing, aims to refresh imperfect politics.” [22] The national agreement urges all parties to achieve ambitious results and a new way of working in partnership. The National Summit on Aboriginal Health Equality was held in Canberra on March 18 and 20, 2008. At this summit, delegates were presented with the objectives “Closing the Gap” for indigenous peoples` health equality.

The Memorandum of Understanding [15106] was signed on 20 March 2008. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed: [30364]. The implementation plan focused on the role of government in ensuring that the health system is flexible to meet the needs identified by the community, is able to help Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people make healthy choices, provides culturally safe access to high-quality early intervention and treatment services and integrated clinical services, and is free from racism. The Joint Council will review the implementation plans and may provide advice on how the parties can better work together to achieve common results. This includes when progress towards reforms and priority objectives is not on track. At its meetings in December 2007 and March 2008, the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) adopted six goals to improve the well-being of Indigenous Australians over the next five to twenty years. As part of Prime Minister Kevin Rudd`s apology to Indigenous Australians in February 2008, he promised the government to close the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian health, education and living conditions. [2] He also proposed the creation of a commission to close the “gap” between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples in terms of “life expectancy, educational achievement, and economic opportunity” in a manner that respects their right to self-determination. [3] The National Accord sets out a strategy to close the gap, which is strongly based on and supported by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander priorities. It is based on four new priority reforms that are changing the way governments work with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people to improve outcomes.

Priority reforms have been massively supported during commitments. [15106]. He acknowledged that the best progress over the past decade has been made in areas where Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have led program design and implementation from the outset. He also noted that there was no clear explanation as to who was responsible for the objectives to close the gap and called for clear accountability mechanisms. The following document summarizes the details of the agreement. The National Accord provides for greater shared accountability and the ability to demonstrate progress than before. As of 2019 [Update], eleven gap filling reports have been submitted to Parliament, containing data in areas where data were not previously available and updates on progress. [16] The Close the Gap campaign produced 10 reports, including a 10-year review in 2018. [1] On 3 July 2020, the Joint Council met to discuss the final draft of a national agreement to bridge the gap. This is the first national agreement of its kind; it was developed in true partnership between the Coalition of Peaks and Australian governments.

for a further period of three years, until 30 June 2016 [26036]. State and territory governments were urged to continue their investments to renew the NPA. For the first time, there will be independent reviews of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people within twelve months of each independent review by the Productivity Commission. These reviews are an opportunity to better understand the experiences of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with the changes resulting from this national agreement. In 2019, the National Indigenous Australians Agency was established, and this agency assumed responsibility for Closing the Gap in partnership with Australian Aborigines following the signing of the Partnership Agreement to Close the Gap, 2019-2029, by representatives of the National Coalition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peak Organizations (also known as the Coalition of Peaks). any state and territory government and the Australian Local Government Association. In March 2006, the Steering Committee of Close the Gap, a social justice campaign focused on indigenous health in which “Australia`s leading indigenous and non-indigenous health authorities, NGOs and human rights organizations work together to achieve health equality”, met for the first time. Their campaign was launched in April 2007 by patrons Catherine Freeman OAM and Ian Thorpe OAM. [1] The new judicial objectives mainly concern the degree of imprisonment of indigenous peoples (in police custody and in the prison system). This case, along with the deaths of Aborigines in custody, was highlighted at Black Lives Matter rallies across Australia in June 2020. The new CtG plan stipulates that each state and territory commits to reducing the number of indigenous youth detained from 11% to 19% and reducing adult detention by 5%.

Despite the poor track record of achieving the goals in recent years, Indigenous leaders who participated in Closing the Gap believe that the strategies put in place for this round – including implementation plans, accountability and engagement of Indigenous services – are more likely to bring about the necessary changes. Ken Wyatt believes that legislative reforms and attitudes such as unconscious bias are needed to improve relations between police and Indigenous peoples. [18] The 2020 Gap Reduction Report shows little progress against either target, as only two of the seven targets have yet been met (four expired in 2018). [27] The Prime Minister`s foreword indicates that the final results of the previous twelve years` evidence were not expected, but that there were stories and successes that deserved to be celebrated, and that progress was made in almost all measures, including in the key areas of health and education…..